Dental disease is a very common disease for cats. A Veterinarian grades the teeth in 4 stages. The severity ranges from mild plaque (present on one or more teeth), to mild gingivitis, and ultimately severe gum disease can result in bone loss and the need to remove teeth surgically. Cats are unique where they can develop lesions on their teeth which are painful and require attention.
Symptoms of dental disease include loss of appetite, lethargy, depression, difficulty eating and chewing, bad breath, bleeding gums, problems picking up food, loose teeth, bumps/lumps in the mouth, and bloody saliva.
What is involved in a dental cleaning procedure?
Feline dental care includes a dental procedure which consists of a full anesthetic, radiographs of the underlying roots, a thorough cleaning under the gum line and extractions if necessary.
Are some feline breeds more susceptible than others?
Yes. Persian, Himalayan, and Siamese cats have high rates of tartar and receding gums while Abyssinians and Somalis are susceptible to gingivitis.
What is feline tooth resorption?
Tooth resorption is when the tooth gradually dissolves and is replaced by the surrounding jaw bone. The tooth weakens due to the resorption which can leave it susceptible to exposed nerves inside the tooth. It is very painful.